The 10 Biggest Energy Company Bankruptcies #look #up #bankruptcies


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The 10 Biggest Energy Company Bankruptcies

By Andrew Topf – Oct 10, 2014, 6:31 PM CDT

Running a multi-billion dollar energy company isn t easy. Just ask the executives in the corner suites of some of the energy companies that have gone bust over the years. Some, like Enron, were brought down because of insider malfeasance. A few, like ATP, blamed damaging government policies, while others went off the rails due to market forces that left the company and its shareholders flat-footed, deep in debt, and eventually broke. Here are the bankruptcies that will be etched into the tombstones of failed energy fortunes for time immemorial.

1.Enron. Bankrupt December 2, 2001. Assets $65.5 billion

Enron grew from a simple pipeline company into the world s largest energy trader by using the Internet to buy and sell natural gas and electric power to help utilities and industrial power users hedge against price fluctuations. By 2000, Enron was worth an astonishing $68 billion, but when the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission started investigating, it was revealed that much of the money was based on shady accounting practices and un-recorded losses. In one year, Enron s stock price plummeted from more than $90 to less than $1, resulting in $11 billion in shareholder losses. The subsequent bankruptcy remains the largest in U.S. history. CEO Kenneth Lay and fellow Enron executive Jeffrey Skilling were convicted in 2006 of fraud and conspiracy. Lay died from a heart attack while awaiting sentencing. Skilling is still in prison.

2. Energy Future Holdings. Bankrupt April 29, 2014. Assets $36.4 billion

Energy Future Holdings became the largest power producer in Texas in 2007 after a $45 billion buyout of TXU Corp. But the company struggled under the weight of $40 billion in debt after revenues plunged due to lower prices for natural gas and electricity. Energy Future Holdings was broken up in April under the terms of a restructuring deal.

3.Pacific Gas Electric Company. Bankrupt April 6, 2001. Assets $36.1 billion

California s largest publicly-owned utility went bust after deregulation led the company to incur billions in debt. After selling its gas power plants, the company had to buy power from other energy companies. Buying at fluctuating prices and selling at fixed prices led to losses and eventual bankruptcy. But according to Time, wholesale prices eventually dropped, and the day the company emerged from bankruptcy in 2004, its stock was worth three times as much as when it filed for protection.

Related: The Biggest Energy Trading Disaster In History

4.Texaco. Bankrupt April 12, 1987. Assets $34.9 billion

Texaco started out in 1901 as the Texas Fuel Company and was independent for 100 years before merging with Chevron in 2001. However, in the 1980s, Texaco became embroiled in a legal battle with Pennzoil, and ended up owing the company $10.5 billion. That led to Texaco filing for bankruptcy, which at the time, was the largest in U.S. history.

5.Calpine Corporation. Bankrupt December 20, 2005. Assets $26.6 billion

In the mid-2000s, Calpine was the biggest owner of natural gas-fired plants in the U.S. But soaring fuel costs led the company to incur more than $22.5 billion in debt. The subsequent bankruptcy filing followed the ouster of top executives after they lost a fight with bondholders to use proceeds from asset sales to buy fuel. The company received $2 billion in financing to allow it to keep its plants supplying customers.

6. ATP Oil Gas. Bankrupt April 17, 2012. Assets $3.6 billion

In 2009, ATP Oil Gas, an offshore oil producer, refinanced $1.5 billion in debt, with the goal of doubling its production to 50,000 barrels a day. Then came the BP Deepwater Horizon disaster. A 2010 moratorium on deepwater operations in the Gulf of Mexico meant ATP was not able to complete wells on its Titan production platform. Forced to spin off Titan and borrow $350 million, ATP spiralled downward, crushed by $2.7 billion in debt obligations. In a Forbes article. ATP s CEO blamed the Obama Administration and its illegal ban on deepwater drilling in the wake of the BP disaster, for the implosion of the company.

7. Patriot Coal. Bankrupt July 9, 2012. Assets $3.6 billion

As the largest producer of thermal coal in the eastern U.S. Patriot Coal was particularly vulnerable to low coal prices, competition from cheap natural gas, a slowing U.S. economy and tougher environmental rules. Patriot Coal lost money every year since 2010, and in 2012 recorded a loss of $198.5 million. To stay afloat during the Chapter 11 bankruptcy process, the company received $802 million from three major banks.

8. James River Coal. Bankrupt April 8, 2014. Assets $1 billion.

Another victim of the U.S. coal downturn, James River Coal declared itself bankrupt in April, 2014, having emerged from a previous bankruptcy in 2004. The company listed $818.7 million in debt after being forced to close a dozen mines. James River Coal was granted a $110-million loan to keep operating under court protection. At the time of the bankruptcy, the company’s stock was trading for 36 cents, compared to $60 a share in 2008.

Related: How Rising Interest Rates Could Spell the End of the U.S. Energy Boom

9. OGX. Bankrupt Oct. 30, 2013. Debts $5.1 billion

Darling of Brazilian billionaire Eike Batista, OGX Petr leo e Gas Participa es SA filed for bankruptcy protection after failing to reach an agreement with creditors to negotiate part of its $5.1 billion debt. The bankruptcy was the largest in Latin America. The blow to Batista s mining and oil and gas empire came after disappointing output from offshore wells set off a crisis of investor confidence.

10. Suntech. Bankrupt March 20, 2013. Debts $1.6 billion

The Chinese solar panel manufacturer, one of the world s biggest, was forced into bankruptcy court after the company missed a $541 million payment to bondholders. The company s misfortunes were blamed on a glut in the market for solar panels, which collapsed prices. Another solar industry giant, Germany s Q-Cells, was caught in the downturn the year earlier.

By Andrew Topf of Oilprice.com

More Top Reads From Oilprice.com:

  • Junior Mining Companies Looking for Financial Lifeboats
  • Why Natural Gas Prices Collapsed
  • Debt: Eight Reasons This Time is Different

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Excelsior College is accredited by the Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing, (formerly NLNAC). Excelsior College is based in Albany, New York and is therefore not included in the list of Florida pre-licensure nursing education programs on our website. You may view the accreditation status of ACEN accredited programs at acenursing.org .

Graduates of Excelsior s ACEN (formerly NLNAC) accredited nursing education programs are eligible to apply to the Florida Board of Nursing for licensure by examination pursuant to section 464.008, Florida Statutes. Excelsior nursing graduates who meet the requirements for licensure in Florida are granted full licenses without limitations or conditions.

A list of all the approved and accredited pre-licensure nursing education programs in Florida are available on website entitled “Compare Florida Prelicensure Nursing Education Programs ”.

An approved nursing education program is a program for the prelicensure education of professional or practical nurses that is conducted in Florida at an educational institution that is approved and regulated under s.464.019, Florida Statutes. Approved nursing education programs are not required to be accredited; however, many programs are regionally or nationally accredited through educational or vocational accrediting agencies.

An accredited nursing education program, as defined by s. 464.003, Florida Statutes, is a program for the prelicensure education of professional or practical nurses that is conducted in the United States at an educational institution, whether in Florida, another state, or the District of Columbia, and that is accredited by a specialized nursing accrediting agency that is nationally recognized by the United States Secretary of Education to accredit nursing education programs Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing (ACEN) or Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE)).

Graduates of both approved and accredited nursing education programs are eligible to apply to the Florida Board of Nursing for licensure by examination.

Accredited programs included on the Florida Board of Nursing s comparative website are programs that have a physical presence in the state of Florida. Program status of out-of-state nursing education programs may be verified through the specific Board of Nursing that issued approval or through a national nursing accrediting body (ACEN or CCNE).

The NCLEX or National Council Licensure Examination is the national licensing examination for practical and registered nurses. Quarterly and cumulative passage rates for first time test takers are calculated and published by a contracted testing service and are made available to the Florida Board of Nursing and are posted on the website.

The NCLEX National Average passage rate is the average number of all member first time test takers for a reporting period, calculated by the National Testing Service using the test takers scores during the reporting period, to determine the average of the conglomerate scores.

Pursuant to s.464.019, F.S. the Florida Board of Nursing monitors these passage rates to ensure the achievement of Florida approved nursing education program graduates. Approved nursing education programs must achieve a graduate passage rate that is not lower than 10 percentage points less than the average passage rate for graduates of comparable degree programs who are United States educated, first-time test takers on the NCLEX during a calendar year. An approved nursing education program shall be placed on Approved/probationary status by the Florida Board of Nursing pursuant to s. 464.019 for failure to meet the required passage rates on the NCLEX for two consecutive calendar years.

For more information on NCLEX passage rates or to view individual Florida nursing education program NCLEX passage rates on our interactive website entitled “Compare Florida Prelicensure Nursing Education Programs ”, please visit our Education and Training Programs page .

Yes. Graduates of nursing education programs with Approved/probationary status are eligible to apply to the Florida Board Nursing for licensure by examination.

The Accrediting Body category identifies the specific accrediting agency. The Accreditation category indicates the status applied to each nursing education program by the Florida Board of Nursing to indicate whether the program has specialized nursing accreditation, other national or regional educational accreditation, or no accreditation. Nursing education programs may have multiple listings under both categories.

The percentage of the number of students tracked from program entry to graduation.

Both types of these professional nursing educational programs prepare the graduate for eligibility for licensure as a Registered Nurse. A.D.N. or Associate Degree in Nursing programs are usually two year programs. B.S.N. or Bachelor s of Science in Nursing degree programs are usually four year programs.

To view an application for an approved nursing education program submitted after July 1, 2009 please visit http://ww10.doh.state.fl.us/pub/bon/

To view an approved nursing education program s annual summary of compliance with s. 464.019, Florida Statutes, please visit http://ww10.doh.state.fl.us/pub/bon/

Nursing education programs may deliver course content through several venues. Please contact the nursing education program directly for this information.

The Florida Board of Nursing does not regulate admission criteria for nursing programs. Please contact the nursing program directly for information on advanced placement opportunities

The Florida Board of Nursing does not regulate post-licensure nursing education programs, for example RN-BSN or other advanced nursing degrees. Please contact the Florida Department of Education for this information. www.fldoe.org .

Please send your complaint by email or letter giving the details of your complaint to:

You may view the Chapter 464, Nurse Practice Act, Florida Statutes, and Chapter 64B9, Rules of the Florida Board of Nursing, Florida Administrative Code, please visit (insert link here)

The application for a new nursing education program is available on our Practical Registered Nurse Education Program renewal page.

Beginning in 2012, approved nursing education programs that performed below the minimum standard for NCLEX passage rates for two consecutive calendar years will be placed on probation pursuant to section 464.019(5), Florida Statutes. NCLEX scores for the previous calendar year are released in January of each year.

A program on probation has one year to meet the minimum standard for NCLEX passage rates. If a program meets the minimum standard, the program will be removed from probation. A program on probation that fails to meet the minimum standard will be terminated by the Board of Nursing.

Pursuant to Florida law, the Board of Nursing is authorized to extend a program’s probationary status for one (1) additional year if the program demonstrates “adequate progress” towards the “graduate passage rate goal”. Nursing education programs that are placed on probation are required to disclose their probationary status in writing to the program’s students and applicants

Pursuant to Florida law the board shall deny a program application for a new prelicensure nursing education program submitted by an educational institution if the institution has an existing program that is already on probationary status.

The NCLEX or National Council Licensure Examination is the national licensing examination for practical and registered nurses. Quarterly and cumulative passage rates for first time test takers are calculated and published by a contracted testing service and are made available to the Florida Board of Nursing and are posted on the website.

The NCLEX National Average passage rate is the average number of all member first time test takers for a reporting period, calculated by the National Testing Service using the test takers’ scores during the reporting period, to determine the average of the conglomerate scores.

Pursuant to s.464.019, F.S. the Florida Board of Nursing monitors these passage rates to ensure the achievement of Florida approved nursing education program graduates. Approved nursing education programs must achieve a graduate passage rate that is not lower than 10 percentage points less than the average passage rate for graduates of comparable degree programs who are United States educated. An approved nursing education program shall be placed on Approved/probationary status by the Florida Board of Nursing pursuant to s. 464.019 for failure to meet the required passage rates on the NCLEX for two consecutive calendar years (http://laws.flrules.org/2014/92 ).

For more information on NCLEX passage rates or to view individual Florida nursing education program NCLEX passage rates on our interactive website entitled “Compare Florida Prelicensure Nursing Education Programs”, please visit our Education and Training Programs page.


What does an auto insurance policy look like? Online Auto Insurance #what #does #auto #insurance #policy #look #like, #car #insurance #policy #sample


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Company Name – This is the name of the auto insurance company which entered the insuring agreement or the policy . Be sure to understand the difference within a brokerage and companies. It is against laws to use the term insurance company in a business name unless it is one so if you re buying a policy through a business using the words, services, marketing, or agency, it probably is acting on behalf of another company who s actually entering the agreement.

Policy Number – This number is unique to each policy and helps identify it from the others. Policy numbers can consist of a variation of numbers and letters. The letters are usually in a prefix and are an abbreviation of a company or program. This number changes each term to identify new terms.

Policy Period and Term – This would indicate the effective and expiration dates and times of the current term as well as the length of the term, usually one (month-to-month), three (quarterly), six (semi-annual), twelve (annual) month terms. This does not specify the issue date (original effective date and time of this policy). For original issue date, you would need to request a letter of experience from the carrier or general agency.

Insured Information – This is the name and mailing address of the named insured , primary insured or policy holder (all mean the same thing) which is the person who applied and signed for the policy. If there are multiple drivers included, they may not appear in the insured info section; instead, they most likely would appear next to the vehicles. The above example does not list any additional drivers. Another section not in the above example is the excluded driver section which are those who are definitely not covered.

Vehicle Description – This would list all the vehicles included in the policy along with details such as the year, make, model, sub-model and VIN number. A vehicle symbol may be included in this section which is a number assigned to vehicles to indicate a risk factor . Usually, the higher the symbol, the more premium it may generate. Sometimes if the vehicles do not fit in one page, they print an additional one or may even limit 4-5 vehicles per policy issued.

Garaging Address – Not to be confused with the mailing address which indicates where the correspondence will be mailed, the garaging address indicates where a vehicle is garaged when not being driven. Where an auto is parked may affect the rates. If it has been determined that a certain area has a higher probability of loss, premiums most likely be increased for those residing there.

Coverage and Premium – This is an important part to understand because it indicates what coverage is included and the limits issued. Learn more about coverage to avoid any misunderstandings or assumptions which may lead to the undesirable. The above example shows coverage in dollar amounts; however, many policies will have abbreviated in thousands the limits included. The premium is what you paid for it during the term. If you compare rates, be sure to note the terms so that you complete a proper comparison.

Endorsements – This section would specify if there are any additional attachments to the policy. Common endorsements are glass breakage or exclusions as well as any other coverage or condition which would not come automatically. Endorsements can include coverage, restrictions, and other things such as special conditions.

Loss Payee – This would list anyone who has a lien on the ownership of the vehicle. The loss payee is one with rights to payment in the event of total loss. It may include a finance company or even someone who owns part of the car. This sections sometimes show additional insured which indicate someone who would have a degree of protection on the event of a loss.

Signature – The signatures of a company s representative(s) acknowledge the conditions of the insuring agreement along with the coverage limitations. The insured signs their signature at the time of the policy purchase. Electronic signatures may also be used in some states for the applications.


What Online Dating Profiles Would Look Like If People Were Completely Honest #free #singles #dating #sites


#online dating application

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What Online Dating Profiles Would Look Like If People Were Completely Honest

No one tells the whole truth about themselves on online dating sites. Why would a potential match need to know about your untameable back hair situation or that you secretly loathe pizza? If everyone went and divulged things like that, we’d all be single.

But on Monday, the folks over on Reddit answered this question: “What would your brutally honest dating profile say?” The responses were a little too truthful. Below, 12 of the funniest.

Art-Of-Photo via Getty Images

Milan Zeremski via Getty Images

Sam Diephuis via Getty Images

Jupiterimages via Getty Images

franckreporter via Getty Images

Yasuhide Fumoto via Getty Images

Stock Foundry / Design Pics via Getty Images

Fuse via Getty Images

Renee Keith via Getty Images

Richard Ellgen via Getty Images

MECKY via Getty Images

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A Closer Look: Dating a Photo #dating #girls


#photo dating

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A Closer Look: Dating a Photo

What s the date of this photo? Take your best guess, and then I ll mention some clues I pursued.

Library of Congress Card Division, general view. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b08445

The photo shows the busy catalog card distribution office at the Library of Congress. There s no date on the photographic print. Recently, we needed to determine when the photo was taken, so out came my magnifying glass.

The typewriters and the women s clothing suggest the early 1900s. I looked in vain for calendars on the walls or desks that might have pinned down the date further. Then I wondered about the posters in the background.

Come to find out, we have both posters, and they re dated!

The spirit of America–Join. Poster by Howard Chandler Christy, 1919. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b49224

Third Red Cross roll call. Poster by Haskell Coffin, 1918. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b49751

The posters were issued in 1918 and 1919, so the photo was taken in 1919 or later. Although the office might have displayed the posters as decorations for a while, it seems more likely that the photo was taken shortly after the end of World War I. We added the date of 1919? to the photo s online description to help future researchers.

The dating question comes up often in historical picture collections. It s not always easy to answer, because the people who made or collected the picture often didn t leave much written information. Instead, looking closely at the image content frequently provides clues.

Looking into this dating mystery offered an intriguing excursion into Library of Congress history and reminded me of the wonderful connections to be found among the collections.

  • For more visual literacy tips and sites that help with dating photos, please visit the Prints Photographs Division s Researcher s Toolbox .
  • For more World War I era posters, see the World War I Posters category in the Prints Photographs Online Catalog.

12 Comments

The picture was either the early 20th century or the end of the 19th century. I couldn t tell you the date or who took it. Miriam S. Ratner

Great sleuthing plus extremely cool.

I would say date the posters hanging on the walls where the books are. But also if you can get a good look at the model of the typewriters that may narrow the time frame down. The hairstyle of the lady on the left is another good reference

I LOVE this. Thank you for sharing.

No-one ever lost anything by opening book. ☺

Great Article for my help as the suggestions are in proper way thanks alot

The hairstyle of the lady on the left is another good reference

We can assume the photo was taken in the Jefferson building, but do you know which room specifically? Perhaps one of the rooms that is now an area reading room since it has the high, decorative ceiling.

So cool. I see that you looked at the clues I d have suggested: posters, typewriters, hair styles. Love this. Thank you.

Great post. I was checking constantly this weblog and I am impressed! Very helpful info particularly the final section I maintain such info a lot. I was looking for this certain information for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.

You actually make it appear so easy with your presentation however I to find this matter to be actually one thing that I feel I d by no means understand. It sort of feels too complex and very broad for me. I am taking a look ahead on your next publish, I ll try to get the hang of it!

The additional info here is pretty interesting worthwhile. I have uncovered numerous helpful hints.

hy its very good to see this type of poster and having a good sence about the dating thanks to share us

Add a Comment

This blog is governed by the general rules of respectful civil discourse. You are fully responsible for everything that you post. The content of all comments is released into the public domain unless clearly stated otherwise. The Library of Congress does not control the content posted. Nevertheless, the Library of Congress may monitor any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove content for any reason whatever, without consent. Gratuitous links to sites are viewed as spam and may result in removed comments. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user’s privilege to post content on the Library site. Read our Comment and Posting Policy .


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Single.am is safe and reliable. numerous independant tests confirm that.

We absolutely value your privacy and treat your personal data confidentially:

  • Each profile will be checked manually by our service-team before verification
  • Each profile has to include a picture of the respective member
  • Fake profiles and other troublemakers have no chance here

About the single platform single.am:

You want to fall in love? You’re looking for hot flirts with singles of your surrounding area? No problem! At the freebie single platform single.am you’ll find everything you want. It doesn’t matter if it’s a new relationship with the woman or man of your dreams, casual dating, an easy flirt or just some new friendships with nice people all over Great Britain.

Modern online dating – simple and safe

At single.am is the name says it all. Every profile on our freebie single platform has at least one picture. For this reason blind dates belong to the past. Modern dating means above all secure dating. Our editorial staff examines the authenticity of all pictures of the lonely hearts ad manually. According to this we are the only online single platform with the safer dating seal “outstanding” who offers the free of charge contacting.

Be part of the steady growing community

Single.am is one of the top 5 single platforms in Germany. More than 3 million singles have chosen our free of charge online dating service, there are about 2.000 new members every day and almost 10.000 are online at the same time. No matter if it’s “he’s looking for her” or “she’s looking for him”: in our chatrooms meet men and women for a casual single chat on a daily base. You can find a hot affair or the true love in a steady relationship with all the important functions of a free of charge single platform right here.

Test winner:

The single platform single.am is the only free of charge flirt platform with the safer dating seal “outstanding”. You can find free of charge lonely hearts adverts in a variety of categories like “he’s looking for her” or “she’s looking for him”. All of the pictures in the lonely hearts adverts are being checked manually by our editorial staff to provide protection from fakes.


What Online Dating Profiles Would Look Like If People Were Completely Honest #catholic #dating


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#

What Online Dating Profiles Would Look Like If People Were Completely Honest

No one tells the whole truth about themselves on online dating sites. Why would a potential match need to know about your untameable back hair situation or that you secretly loathe pizza? If everyone went and divulged things like that, we’d all be single.

But on Monday, the folks over on Reddit answered this question: “What would your brutally honest dating profile say?” The responses were a little too truthful. Below, 12 of the funniest.

Art-Of-Photo via Getty Images

Milan Zeremski via Getty Images

Sam Diephuis via Getty Images

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A Closer Look: Dating a Photo #irish #dating


#photo dating

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A Closer Look: Dating a Photo

What s the date of this photo? Take your best guess, and then I ll mention some clues I pursued.

Library of Congress Card Division, general view. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b08445

The photo shows the busy catalog card distribution office at the Library of Congress. There s no date on the photographic print. Recently, we needed to determine when the photo was taken, so out came my magnifying glass.

The typewriters and the women s clothing suggest the early 1900s. I looked in vain for calendars on the walls or desks that might have pinned down the date further. Then I wondered about the posters in the background.

Come to find out, we have both posters, and they re dated!

The spirit of America–Join. Poster by Howard Chandler Christy, 1919. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b49224

Third Red Cross roll call. Poster by Haskell Coffin, 1918. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b49751

The posters were issued in 1918 and 1919, so the photo was taken in 1919 or later. Although the office might have displayed the posters as decorations for a while, it seems more likely that the photo was taken shortly after the end of World War I. We added the date of 1919? to the photo s online description to help future researchers.

The dating question comes up often in historical picture collections. It s not always easy to answer, because the people who made or collected the picture often didn t leave much written information. Instead, looking closely at the image content frequently provides clues.

Looking into this dating mystery offered an intriguing excursion into Library of Congress history and reminded me of the wonderful connections to be found among the collections.

  • For more visual literacy tips and sites that help with dating photos, please visit the Prints Photographs Division s Researcher s Toolbox .
  • For more World War I era posters, see the World War I Posters category in the Prints Photographs Online Catalog.

12 Comments

The picture was either the early 20th century or the end of the 19th century. I couldn t tell you the date or who took it. Miriam S. Ratner

Great sleuthing plus extremely cool.

I would say date the posters hanging on the walls where the books are. But also if you can get a good look at the model of the typewriters that may narrow the time frame down. The hairstyle of the lady on the left is another good reference

I LOVE this. Thank you for sharing.

No-one ever lost anything by opening book. ☺

Great Article for my help as the suggestions are in proper way thanks alot

The hairstyle of the lady on the left is another good reference

We can assume the photo was taken in the Jefferson building, but do you know which room specifically? Perhaps one of the rooms that is now an area reading room since it has the high, decorative ceiling.

So cool. I see that you looked at the clues I d have suggested: posters, typewriters, hair styles. Love this. Thank you.

Great post. I was checking constantly this weblog and I am impressed! Very helpful info particularly the final section I maintain such info a lot. I was looking for this certain information for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.

You actually make it appear so easy with your presentation however I to find this matter to be actually one thing that I feel I d by no means understand. It sort of feels too complex and very broad for me. I am taking a look ahead on your next publish, I ll try to get the hang of it!

The additional info here is pretty interesting worthwhile. I have uncovered numerous helpful hints.

hy its very good to see this type of poster and having a good sence about the dating thanks to share us

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