Accreditation Guide #accredited #online #colleges #without #application #fee


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Accreditation Guide

Every year, thousands of students research colleges and universities to find academic programs and determine the overall quality of the institution. In some cases, this is fairly easy. Many traditional brick-and-mortar schools have years to build up a reputation of academic excellence, but newer schools, including online colleges, don’t have that luxury. Instead, students have to find other ways to verify the school’s academic programs. One way to tell if a school’s academic programs meet an acceptable standard is through evaluating accreditation the affirmation that a school’s programs meet set criteria and benchmarks.

TABLE of CONTENTS

Benefits of Accreditation

  • Shows the public the school is a trustworthy educational institution.
  • Helps to validate the integrity of student transcripts.
  • Allows students to transfer between accredited institutions.
  • Shows employers that a job applicant has received an appropriate level of education.
  • Encourages the improvement of academic programs.

Accreditation Types

Schools are accredited in two main ways: institutional accreditation, which looks at the entire college or university, and programmatic accreditation, which focuses on a particular program in a subject such as chemical engineering or business.

Institutional accreditation involves confirming that a school has sufficient information resources (such as libraries and journal subscriptions) and student services, as well as a qualified faculty of sufficient size and policies to protect your interests in case of dispute or problems. Typically, it also requires a record of successful and graduated students.

Programmatic accreditation varies widely. Online colleges have different needs for the programs they provide and the students they serve, and the standards for chemical engineering will be much different from early childhood education. It is possible for a school to be accredited as an institution, and not have specific accreditation for individual departments. For example, accredited online colleges specializing in business education may offer math courses without accreditation in mathematics. This will not reflect poorly on you if you pursue a business degree at that college, although you may wish to seek a degree in mathematics elsewhere for this reason.

An institution seeking either type of accreditation submits an application describing their program and explaining how it meets the accrediting body’s standards, along with a substantial fee to cover the expenses of the application process. If everything is in order, assessors or a survey team arrive to verify the application’s claims, observe classes and speak with faculty and students. Assuming no problems are discovered, the school is entered into the rolls of accredited institutions and periodically examined to make sure standards are kept up.

National vs. Regional Accreditation

Accrediting bodies in the United States are private, non-governmental groups that work in cooperation with one another, the federal Department of Education and the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA). CHEA can be viewed as the “accreditor of accreditors,” making sure that accrediting bodies all have broadly compatible standards. Details can differ in various parts of the nation, but if you begin your degree in a program in New England and transfer your credits to a West Coast university, you can be sure your education will be viewed favorably.

CHEA has historically focused on traditional brick-and-mortar educational institutions, and its efforts are divided through six regional accrediting bodies, each of which covers schools in certain parts of the United States as well as nearby nations and territories, such as Puerto Rico.

Regionally accredited online colleges are not common, although more traditional institutions are also offering primarily or entirely online degree programs. Regional online college accreditation is valid, especially if you are taking courses from a college in your area. You may have the option to take some courses on-campus, and you will typically also have access to their libraries and other brick-and-mortar facilities. Nationally accredited schools are usually specialized, either by focusing on a particular trade or vocation or on theological study.

Programmatic accreditation is usually conducted on a national level as well, with different professional groups providing online colleges accreditation in subjects from audiology to veterinary medicine. Often, these professional groups are also open for membership, which can provide you with valuable professional contacts and additional material for study. This type of institution is ideal if you want to pursue your degree at a college that is nationally or regionally accredited and also accredited in your chosen program of study. However, this isn’t always possible, so at the very least, you should attend an institution with national or regional accreditation.

Determining if an Institution is Accredited

There are several ways you can find out if an institution is accredited. CHEA hosts a directory of the thousands of schools that have earned accreditation, as do many state departments of education. A “master” list is also hosted by the federal Department of Education, the Database of Accredited Postsecondary Institutions and Programs. and can be searched. However, keep in mind that the Department of Education cooperates with CHEA and its member groups, but does not control them. Additionally, the database is updated periodically, and schools with new accreditation may not be listed, while schools that recently lost their accreditation may still be listed. Finally, it is limited to programs within the United States.

Some schools are not accredited because they are too new or do not want to be accredited. However, it is in your best interest to either choose an accredited school that will be recognized or closely investigate schools that are not accredited. Find out why they haven’t reached accreditation, if they are pursuing it and if credits will transfer.

It is important to remember that the Department of Education will not recognize any accrediting agency that does not comply with its criteria of academic excellence. Once an institution is accredited, the Department of Education will add it to its database of recognized accreditation agencies. If your school is not eligible for federal financial aid, chances are it is not recognized by the Department of Education.

Accrediting Agencies

There are currently over eighty accreditation agencies that accredit on the national and regional level, and for specialized academic programs such as arts, social services, healthcare, education, law, and personal care and services. Currently, there are 25 accrediting agencies that are pending recognition from the Department of Education, either for initial recognition or to expand the scope of its accreditation. The Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA) recognizes many of the same institutions, in addition to institutions outside of the United States. There are currently a total of 68 national, regional, faith-based and programmatic accreditation agencies recognized by CHEA.

There are six regional accrediting agencies in the United States and many others that provide specialized accreditation. These organizations have directories of accredited schools on their websites, which is another tool you can use to verify the accreditation status of an online college. The six regional agencies are:

Check and Cross-Check Accreditation Resources

To really get a good picture of whether a school you’re interested in enrolling in is accredited, check out all of the sources we’ve mentioned. Cross-referencing between multiple sources will ensure that you’re getting the most updated and accurate information available about a school’s accreditation status.

Most schools include accreditation information on their website, but the Better Business Bureau reports that some of these accrediting organizations may be bogus. If you come across an accrediting organization you’re not sure about, you can search the U.S. Department of Education’s (DOE) website to see if it is a nationally-recognized institution. You can also search by school, and similar to the NCES database the page will include the name of the accrediting agency and the date of accreditation. However, the DOE states the information within the database may not accurate, current or complete. Therefore, you may want to check both sources to get the most up-to-date information.


Cash Car Rental #cash #car #rental #durban, #hire #a #car #without #a #credit #card #durban, #cash #car #hire #durban, #cash #car #rentals #durban, #long-term #cash #car #rentals #durban, #short-term #car #rentals #durban, #durban #down #town, #durban #airport, #king #shaka #international #airport, #o #r #tambo #international #airport, #cape #town #international #airport, #east #london, #george #airport, #bloemfontien #airport, #kimberly, #nelspuit, #pretoria, #long-term, #short-term, #van, #bakkie, #rental, #company, #south #africa, #companies, #best #deals, #best #price, #guaranteed #vehicle, #hire, #from, #affordable, #pricing, #budget, #efficient #rental #staff, #cash, #credit #card, #debit #card, #master #card


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As the largest privately owned Car Hire Company in South Africa renting vehicles for Cash and or with a Debit card and head quartered in Durban . at Cash Car Rental we pride ourselves in offering personalized, efficient, friendly service, while still being the most affordable in Town.

Our Car Hire fleet comprises of the latest model vehicles at the lowest and most affordable Car Hire rates. We have branches throughout South Africa in more than 32 locations including all the major metropolitan cities; Cape Town . Durban. Port Elizabeth, Bloemfontein, Pretoria, Johannesburg and all airports. With this network we are able to offer you professional and reliable Cash Car Rental’s solutions anywhere in South Africa, making us one of South Africa’s largest Cash Car Rental Company.

Over the past 8 years in our endeavour as an independently owned and family run business to change the face of the Cash Car Rental industry in South Africa, we are able to provide a Cash Car Rental’s service to the public who wish to rent reliable vehicles at affordable rates on either a short-term or long-term basis.

No longer will it be a challenge to rent a car.

If you would require more information about us or would like to get in contact please do so via our contact form .

We look forward to hearing from you.

In 2011, the issue of using a debit card or even cash to hire a vehicle is becoming ever more present as renters want to keep those high interest credit cards in their wallets. It used to be that if you were thinking about renting a car, but don’t have a credit card, things could get a little tricky.

Most people have never considered the option of renting a car with cash or a debit card till recently, but we at Cash Car Rental have long realised that for many people that do not own a credit card or do not want to own one renting a car will be a daunting process.

Most car rental companies in South Africa will not even consider hiring a car to you if you cannot provide them with a credit card for security, never mind the deposit, until now!

As the biggest Cash Car Rental company in South Africa we do just that we make hiring a car with Cash or a debit card or via bank EFT not only possible but also simple and hassle free.

All we will require from you is:

  • Valid R ID Book / International Passport / R Driver’s Licence / Int. Driving Permit
  • Proof of Residence if residing in or Flight Details, Refundable Booking Deposit from R3000.00
  • What could be simpler or even more straight forward?

What’s more with over with experience dating back to 2002 renting out vehicles for cash, you can rest assured you are in good hands.

For more information on our vehicle fleet, great value added services or to make a booking at one of our local branches please do not hesitate to get in contact.


Dating sites without registering – Free dating sites no fees #computer #dating


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Are there any totally 100 percent free dating sites without registering cost, payment, charge credit card or fees to sign up / join. Well, you are completely on the right place: 2d ateme.com. the starting portal to start meeting new people today, men and women, and maybe find a date, friendship or a serious relationship.

Date and chat with singles

Everybody knows about online matchmakers and much people have had a date themselves. Internet dating is not a taboo anymore these days, a date website is one of the best ways to meet a partner online. Why? Because it simply works. Because of using profiles you know what a single man or single woman wants. It’s very easy to sent a message and start communicating with each other. Sending mails, chatting and webcamming you wil notice if you can get along with that person who you are trying to get to know.

Create a profile with many photos

The first thing you need to do is to create a profile with your definition about dating, personality and what you seek. Of course you will need to add good photos, at least a few! Don’t look cantankerous on the pictures, but smile. You need to sell yourself on some kind of way, showing yourself is absolutely the best way on a new or popular website! Also try to describe youself on a positive way and tell what you do in real life and what you seek. People who tell much about themselves also have more chance to meet someone with the same hobbies and way of life.

The best 100 % free dating sites without registering cost or payment for sign up

Why pay for the best totally free relationship site while you can meet single people for free? These days such a website does not need to cost any money, there are enough option to chat and get to know people without charging money.

There are many really online date websites without registering or payment fees, but what website are the best and most popular? Click here for the list .

Start chatting, webcamming and meeting singles online now!


Donate Car Without TItle #donate #car #without #title,donate #car #in #nj


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Donate Car Without Title NJ

Is it possible to donate car without title? Many people have asked us “I can’t find the title, can I still donate my car?

The answer is YES!

No worries, our expert staff can handle all the necessary paperwork to obtain a duplicate title for you. It will save you the time and expense (usually around $60) of going to your local Motor Vehicle agency to get one yourself.

Donate Car Without Title NJ

What is needed from you:

For NJ residents without a title:

A copy of the registration or insurance card (can be an old one) A copy of the owner’s driver’s license

Please Note: The above information is required to prove identity and ownership of the vehicle. All of the information on the registration and driver’s license is no more than can be found on the title itself.

It’s as simple as that. Our driver will have all the necessary forms with him at the time of pick up.

If you don’t have the means to copy your license it’s not a problem. We have the ability to do so in our trucks.

Our professional Motor Vehicle staff will apply for the duplicate title and insure that it is properly transferred in accordance with all Motor Vehicle Department regulations.

Here at Donate Car In NJ all donor information is kept strictly confidential. Your privacy is guaranteed.

Donate Car in NJ Home

1-800-785-6544

1-800-785-6544

1-800-785-6544

“INFORMATION FILED WITH THE ATTORNEY GENERAL CONCERNING THIS CHARITABLE SOLICITATION AND THE PERCENTAGE OF CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED BY THE CHARITY DURING THE LAST REPORTING PERIOD THAT WERE DEDICATED TO THE CHARITABLE PURPOSE MAY BE OBTAINED FROM THE ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY BY CALLING 973-504-6215 AND IS AVAILABLE ON THE INTERNET AT http://www.state.nj.us/lps/ca/charfrm.htm. REGISTRATION WITH THE ATTORNEY GENERAL DOES NOT IMPLY ENDORSEMENT”


How Not to Lose Yourself in Relationships – What You Need to Know #freckle #time #tracking, #lynette #squeaky #fromme #assassinations #crime #political #assassination #charles #manson #dr. #louann #brizendine #beverly #engel #disappearing #woman #syndrome #female #brain #needy #women #loving #him #without #losing #yourself


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11 Unexpected Facts About Attraction

  • The 5 Days I Fell Hardest For My Wife

  • 6 Signs Your Partner Is Secretly Unhappy

  • 14 Moments That Make or Break a Relationship

  • Deepak Chopra: How to Live Without Loneliness

  • 5 Things Every Smart, Single Man Is Looking for in a Woman

  • 10 Things You’re Doing That Are Driving Other People Crazy

  • Dating Deal Breakers: 8 Signs We All Overlook

  • 7 Nice Things to Say to Mean, Rude People

  • 6 New Ideas for Getting Better at Love

  • Unexpected Habits That Can Sink a Marriage

  • That Left-Out Feeling

  • 6 (Not Soul-Scorching) Questions to Ask If You’re Still Single

  • 5 Fights Every Couple Has to Have Once

  • Quiz: What’s Your Conflict Style?

  • 4 Questions to Ask Yourself Before You End a Relationship

  • 10 Insanely Nice Things You Can Say to Anybody

  • How to Survive a Rainy Day with Children: A Summer Guide

  • Is It Time to End That Friendship?

  • 5 Things Blissful Couples Do

    Where Did You Go? How Not to Lose Yourself When You Finally Meet Him

    After a fight with her authoritative father, an 18-year-old freckle-faced, redheaded girl is kicked out of her parents Southern California home. While crying on Venice Beach, she meets a man who asks, What s the problem? She hesitates. She knows not to talk to strangers, but she s also intrigued. After just one small conversation, she feels like he knows her thoughts. That he understands what she s going through. That he s on her side. He tells her he s on his way up north to the woods and that she could go with him. She decides to go and live with him; she doesn t know why and doesn t really care.

    A 30-something single, successful woman passionate about her career and active social life meets the man of her dreams. He loves spending every minute he can with her. At least that s what she told her friend at the lunch before she dropped off the face of the earth six months ago. Now, all her time is spent making dinners for her boyfriend, watching his stepdaughter on the weekend while he s playing football with his friends, and not replying to any of her mom s phone calls, her friends e-mails or her colleagues Facebook status updates.

    Do these women sound like anyone you know? Or perhaps, you are the repeat love offender falling hard and fast for a man instead of gradually allowing a relationship into your life. If you feel like you ve lost touch with the woman-you-once-were in your relationship-that-now-is, then you may be familiar with Disappearing Woman Syndrome. Beverly Engel. psychoanalyst and author of Loving Him Without Losing Yourself. describes it as losing track of what you believe in, what you stand for, what s important to you and what makes you happy.


  • 10 Places Guys Can Meet Women (Without Being A Total Creep About It) #dating #love


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    10 Places Guys Can Meet Women (Without Being A Total Creep About It)

    It can be difficult to meet new people in a city, more specifically, it can be tough to meet women in a city. It seems that everyone’s post-college go-to spot to mingle with the opposite sex is a bar, nightclub, discotheque, whatever you want to call it. Basically, somewhere that supplies large amounts of alcohol, dim lights, and loud music (which are all factors to help you get laid). But how do you meet women that you may want to ask out (gasp!) on an actual date. There have to be other options between being that creepy guy at a bar that tries to get in bachelorette party dance circle and creating an online dating profile.

    We learn from movies and the media that women want to be hit on in cool and unusual places in a romantic and unique way. A lot the time when women do get approached in these places, they are easily creeped out. If you want to meet someone in a unique and fun way, then you have to be suave. You have to be confident, but not cocky. You have to be funny, but not over the top. Most importantly, you have to learn how to read her signals, and then go for it: ask for her digits and ask her out on a date.

    Here are some places to pick up women and some tips on how not to be creepy about it.

    1. At Happy Hour

    Happy Hour can be a great place to meet women. More importantly, it’s a more appropriate setting and time of day to meet a woman at a bar whom you may want to ask out on a date. Happy Hours in every city are crawling with lots of young women. Bros, this is an excellent opportunity to meet many women at once, without coming across as creepy.

    If you are also at Happy Hour with a group of your bros, and you spot a group of ladies near you with a similar amount of people, grab your/ their server, and buy them a round of whatever they’ve been ordering. It’s classy and it’s opening the conversation in a non-creepy way. If they’re interested, then they will probably come by and say thank you or maybe buy your round of shots if they’re cool chicks.


    How To Find Love Without Looking #100 #free #dating


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    How To Find Love Without Looking

    Have you been looking for true love. and have yet to succeed, but still hang on to the belief that he or she is out there? Most likely you’ve been looking in all of the wrong places — at work, online, church, your yoga studio, or the grocery store.

    It’s not that he or she doesn’t exist or that you’ll never find your soul mate. Intellectually you probably know that you’ve got to love yourself first to give and receive love. But it’s so much easier to look to others to give you what you aren’t giving yourself — love.

    If you looked in the mirror, deep within your eyes, would you be able to say aloud, “I love you, I really love you [insert your name ].” Could you look at yourself long enough without being critical? (Could you even look in the mirror comfortably?)

    If these questions, or if the idea of staring at yourself in the mirror makes you slightly uncomfortable, I get it! But the point of this exercise is that when you love yourself. you create a strong foundation for you best relationships.

    How we feel about ourselves is always going to be reflected back to us. So if we’re not feeling the self -love and we’re not talking or treating ourselves lovingly, it’s guaranteed that someone is going to remind you to love yourself via challenging relationships or seemingly difficult people or toxic situations .

    No doubt they are going to peeve you and it’s very easy to blame, judge and criticize the other person. But they’re not only teaching you to love yourself, they are also teaching you to be kind to yourself and to respect yourself.

    When you can align your thoughts with your beliefs and act accordingly, your relationships are going to reflect a healthy relationship with SELF.

    This can be challenging, especially if we’ve grown up in a dysfunctional environment where we learned that if we wanted to “get” love we had to sacrifice our needs, wants and desires. Instead of feeling loved, we find ourselves in patterns where we feel unappreciated and emotionally depleted.

    But it’s time to stop looking “out there” and look within because love begins with SELF. Like anything new and unfamiliar it will take some time and patience to love and accept yourself despite your mistakes, flaws and the messes you create. Here are some baby steps to get you there:

    1. Set healthy boundaries.

    Say no with tact, grace and dignity instead of saying yes to please others. We’ve been taught to be nice, but for many of us, our niceness has cost us our energy, time and our wellbeing.

    We also need to speak up and tell the other person, “You know when you said…. I felt….

    Setting healthy boundaries takes practice and belief that you deserve to be respected.

    Do something you love — paint, draw, write, garden, cook, exercise, walk in nature or whatever it is that keeps you in the present moment. Schedule at least 30 minutes daily. By expressing yourself you connect with the most important person: you!

    3. Monitor your words and your thoughts.

    Talk to yourself as if you were talking to a friend. If you’re talking negatively or berating yourself, ask yourself: would you accept that from someone else? Probably not! A more positive way of talking to yourself matters because you matter! Not only will it be more uplifting, it will raise your self-esteem.

    4. Listen to your body.

    When your body needs rest, rest. When your body needs to be nourished, eat. And when your body needs to move, exercise. It’s simple, but it’s not easy! We tend to get busy, do things on the run, and give to others first.

    By listening to your body, you’ll feel more alert and energized to say yes to you. This will give you more time to do what you love, and be more mindful of your words and thoughts. You’ll be less dependent upon other people for love because you’ll be giving it to yourself.

    So the next time you look in the mirror, embrace yourself without judgment and show yourself some love. Your best relationships begin with this.


    Home Security System Without Phone Line? No Problem! #home #security #systems #without #landline


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    Jul 15, 2014 9:15:00 AM

    As tablets and smart phones have changed the way we communicate, signal transmissions for security systems have also changed. As landline phones give way to more convenient mobile communication, traditional POTS (plain-old-telephone) lines (once, the only method used for security system communication) are being replaced at a rapid pace. Surprisingly (for some), a home security system without a phone line is extremely effective.

    Security System Without Phone Line Gaining In Popularity

    This post will explain how traditional alarm systems are using cellular technology for more efficient and reliable alarm monitoring and answer the question:

    Will My Security System Work Without A Phone Line?

    One of the most common questions asked of alarm companies is: “Will my security system work without a traditional phone line?”. The answer is pretty simple: No, not without a back-up plan.

    In order for any security system to work, the signal needs to be sent, and then received at the central monitoring station. Traditional security systems relied on “POTS” (plain old telephone) lines. Today, since 7 out of ten people own a cell phone, home phone lines are being eliminated in droves. It’s no surprise, then, that alarm monitoring via cellular is becoming the primary means of communication for security systems.

    Cellular Alarm Monitoring: The Traditional Back-Up Plan.

    Traditionally, cell backup units were installed to thwart threats of phone lines being cut or power outages. Now, cellular technology is taking over the industry, and it’s saving former landline phone subscribers lots of money and providing some pretty cool features that traditional phone lines couldn’t offer.
    NOTE: Most folks are not aware that traditional phone lines will be eradicated in the next few years. Therefore, old security systems without newer digital technology will not be able to operate. Homeowners will need to update their security systems with new technology in order for their security systems to work.

    Understanding Cellular Monitoring

    “Cellular Monitoring” is a wireless network that allows security systems to communicate with central monitoring stations, even when a traditional phone line is not available.In this case, “cellular monitoring” should not be confused with “cellular phones.”

    Traditionally, “cellular alarm monitoring” was most often used when:

    No land-line service was available, or
    Additional protection was needed (in the event that a phone line was cut during an intrusion).

    Now, however, the “typical” situation is changing as people choose cellular as the primary means of communication for their security system.

    Cellular is a more direct and effective communication system. Through this type of communication, signals are instantly transmitted to central station operators. Cellular provides a direct link for alarm signals to reach the central station.

    Will I notice A Change in My System?

    If you’re a traditional land line user, you won’t notice a change with cellular because the operators who receive your signal possess all the information necessary to deliver immediate help, regardless of the communication. If necessary, the authorities will still be called, and you will get the help you need.

    Added Benefits Of Cellular Monitoring

    In this digital age as technology changes at the speed of light, it’s no wonder that new models of anything technical debut about every six months. Beyond the aesthetic appeal of custom text keypads and LED displays, newer, smarter, cellular technology allows for some pretty cool options when it comes to home security and home control.

    • Cost: Eliminating your home telephone line saves $35-$70 per month in landline phone bills. Without a traditional phone bill to pay, it’s a reliable, cost-effective solution. Even considering the cost of an upgrade, it’s an affordable option that pays for itself in about six (6) months. Plus, with cellular, your system may be serviced remotely – potentially saving the inconvenience and cost of a service call.
    • Reliability: Your system will be more secure due to the reliability of GSM (cellular) technology. The threat of severed phone lines or power outages is a reality that no family wants to face. In both of these instances, traditional land line security systems would be compromised.
    • Smart Technology: Cellular technology allows for remote management of your security system. Apps for mobile phones, tablets and computers allow for access and control from just about ANYWHERE!

    • Get text messages whenever the system is armed or disarmed (such as kids arriving home)

    • Internet smartphone access to your system

    • Optional remote access video services

    • Optional internet monitoring services

    How To Add Cellular Monitoring (Technology) To Your Security System

    There are two ways you can add cellular monitoring to your security system:

    1. Retrofit your existing system with a radio by adding an LTE or GSM radio to the existing equipment. At SHIELD, the cost for this conversion is about the cost of a nice family dinner and you would continue using the same equipment you currently have.
    2. Replace (upgrade) your existing control panel and keypad with a newer model (radio communicator included). The cost for this solution is slightly higher .

    Bottom line: Your home or business security doesn’t have to be compromised just because you don’t use a landline phone. With cellular technology, your security system is as dependable as ever. At the very least, even with land line systems, it is recommended that cellular communication is utilized as a valuable back-up preventative measure.

    For more information about home security and cellular technology check out our Ebook: How Phone Lines Affect Alarm Systems.


    What does no taxation without representation mean #what #does #no #taxation #without #representation #mean


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    Taxation

    BREAKING DOWN ‘Taxation’

    Taxation is differentiated from other forms of payment, such as market exchanges, in that taxation does not require consent and is not directly tied to any services rendered. The government compels taxation through an implicit or explicit threat of force. Taxation is legally different than extortion or a protection racket because the imposing institution is a government, not private actors.

    Tax systems have varied considerably across jurisdictions and time. In most modern systems, taxation occurs on both physical assets, such as property, and specific events, such as a sales transaction. The formulation of tax policies is one of the most critical and contentious issues in modern politics.

    Taxation in the United States

    Originally, the U.S. government was funded on very little direct taxation. Instead, federal agencies assessed user fees for ports and other government property. In times of need, the government would decide to sell government assets and bonds, or issue an assessment to the states for services rendered. In fact, Thomas Jefferson abolished direct taxation in 1802 after winning the presidency; only excise taxes remained, which Congress repealed in 1817. Between 1817 and 1861, the federal government collected no internal revenue.

    An income tax of 3% was levied on high-income earners during the Civil War. It was not until the Sixteenth Amendment was ratified in 1913 that the federal government assessed taxes on income as a regular revenue item. As of 2016, U.S. taxation applies to items or activities ranging from income to cigarettes to inheritances and even winning a Nobel Prize. In 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that failure to purchase specific goods or services, such as health insurance, was considered a tax and not a fine.

    Purposes and Justifications for Taxation

    The most basic function of taxation is to fund government expenditures. Varying justifications and explanations for taxes have been offered throughout history. Early taxes were used to support ruling classes, raise armies and build defenses. Often, the authority to tax stemmed from divine or supranational right.

    Later justifications have been offered across utilitarian, economic or moral considerations. Proponents of progressive levels of taxation on high income earners argue that taxes encourage a more equitable society. Higher taxes on specific products and services, such as tobacco or gasoline, have been justified as a deterrent on consumption. Advocates of public goods theory argue taxes may be necessary in instances in which the private provision of public goods is considered sub optimal, such as with lighthouses or national defense.


    How to Attract Women Without Talking #dating #love


    #how to attract women

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    How to Attract Women Without Talking

    Guys often stress out trying to find the perfect opening line to say to a girl. But if you know how to attract women without talking, then all that pressure to figure out what to say to the girl disappears. It becomes much easier to relax and start a conversation with the woman because you already know the woman is interested. So if you’d like to take the pressure off of meeting women and learn how to attract women without talking, check out the attraction tips for men below.

    Attract women with eye contact
    The most important part of attracting women without talking is making quality eye contact with women. When you find yourself making eye contact with a woman, hold her gaze and give her a warm smile. Holding eye contact shows women confidence. Smiling shows her that you’re a warm, friendly guy.

    Now, maintaining that warm, confident eye contact with women can be difficult if you’re nervous. To ease that anxiety, there are two things you can do: First, when making eye contact with a woman, breathe deep into your belly as this will help you relax. Second, make your eye contact with women warm and inviting by “smiling with your eyes”. You know that feeling you get in your eyes after you laugh really hard? When your gaze is warm, relaxed, and open? That is the feeling you want when looking to attract women with eye contact.

    Get women to notice you through social proof
    A great way to stand out and get women to notice you is through social proof. Surrounding yourself with women (especially attractive women) proves that you are the type of man women want to be around. Other women in the venue will wonder what it is that makes these women want to be with you. It’ll automatically get women curious about you, interested in you, and maybe even a little jealous that they’re not included. (For more on how to attract women with social proof check out the Art of Charm Podcast with Adam Lyons )

    Non-verbal banter with women
    Banter is a great way to start a conversation with women. But there’s more to banter than just using banter lines. There are also non-verbal ways to banter with women that will get women interested in you.

    For example, if you’ve made eye contact with a woman and want to get things rolling with a little banter, a great thing to do is to simply make funny faces at her. Have some fun and play stick your tongue out – cross your eyes – make whatever silly face you feel like. It’s a great way to make a girl smile and from there, it will be easy to approach the woman start a conversation with her. (This tip on attracting women was mentioned in the Art of Charm Podcast on Attraction signs women show )

    Attract women with your appearance
    If you want to get women to notice you, take the time to dress well. As mentioned in the Art of Charm podcast with relationship expert Kimberly Seltzer. women always notice how a man is dressed – and it always makes a major impact.

    Attracting women with your appearance doesn’t require expensive clothing. All you really need is to show women you’re a guy who has his life together. Leave the sweatpants and flip-flops at home and attract women by going out in clean, wrinkle-free clothes that fit well. A pair of sharp-looking shoes, trim fingernails, and well-managed hair will go a long way in getting women to notice you in a positive way.

    Attractive body language
    Women can tell a lot about you by your body language alone. If you want to show the confidence that will get women attracted to you, then you want to make sure you’re body language is on point.

    To show the confident body language that attracts women, be sure to stand tall – as if there is a string from the base of your spine pulling you up through the crown of your head. Keep your shoulders back and relaxed, your head up, and smile.

    You can further show confidence through body language by avoiding excess movements and fidgeting. When you walk, walk with purpose and direction. Having control over your body language helps you come across as the powerful, confident man women want.

    Get women to notice you by making friends
    Thus far this article has been all about how to attract women without talking at all. But as Johnny mentioned in the mailbag episode. sometimes getting women to notice you requires a bit of effort. Sitting around and waiting for women to notice you just isn’t as effective as getting up and making yourself noticeable.

    How can you make sure women notice you? By being the social, friendly guy who gets along with everyone. When you go out, look to talk with anyone who is around – guys, girls, staff members, etc. Women will notice you getting along with everyone and they’ll become interested in meeting you. Plus, acting this way shows women you’re confident, friendly, and able to handle yourself in social situations – all traits women find attractive in men.

    Make women chase you
    Making women chase you can be shockingly easy. All you have to do is go out and – no matter what you’re doing or who you’re with – focus on having a damn good time. Keep a smile on your face, have fun and enjoy yourself. It will get women to notice you and excited to join in on the fun.

    At AoC bootcamps, the primary objective each night is to “Have fun and fuck shit up”. Embrace that as you’re number one goal when you go out, and you’ll create a vortex of fun and positivity that will attract women and get women chasing you.

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    Brian M – author of 191 posts on The Art of Charm

    Once he realized attracting women was something he could learn Brian spent way too much of his free time studying and practicing everything he could find on the subject. He stumbled across The Art of Charm Podcast and eventually signed up for an AoC bootcamp. Excited by the progress he’s made in his own life since the program he decided to start writing for AoC to help other guys do the same. By writing about interpersonal dynamics he’s finally able to put that psychology degree to good use. View all posts by Brian M

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